Causes of Infertility
In a single cycle, the likelihood of conception for a healthy young couple is approximately 20 percent. Over twelve months, the combined likelihood of achieving pregnancy is about 85 percent. These numbers will begin to decrease in a woman's early thirties, declining even further after age thirty-five.
Multiple factors can affect a couple's ability to conceive. Generally, the causes can be divided into male and female categories:
- Male Factor (40 %) - abnormalities in sperm count, motility, appearance, or function; this also includes the inability to have intercourse, either due to injury or other causes.
- Female Ovulation Disorder (20-25%) - abnormalities in the ability to produce or release eggs including Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS.
- Female Pelvic Factor (20-25%) - abnormalities of the pelvic organs including blocked fallopian tubes, scar tissue around the tubes and ovaries, fibroid tumors of the uterus, and moderate to severe endometriosis.
- Unexplained (10 -15 %) - infertility with no known cause following a complete work-up.
At the Women's Health Center for Reproductive Medicine and Fertility using state-of-the-art techniques and technologies, we can evaluate why you have been unable to conceive and work together on a plan of treatment to provide you with the best chance of taking home a baby.